## Looping over file names

### Re: Looping over file names

I'm trying to explain my problem again:

I want to load parametres with a dimension like 3 or 5 (e.g. costs(p,c,a,i,j) ) from excel.

I will reduce the parametres by several loops (p, c, a) and optimize an objective variable z in a 2 dimension level for several p, c, a. (e.g. costs2(i,j))

I want to have these results of the 2 dimension optimization for each run as an output in excel.

Then I want to use the results in the outter loops p, c to find the minimum objective variable there of the 2 dimension results for each a, then for each c and then for each p.

So first I have the objective variable z(p,c,a) then z(p,c) then z(p) and then z.

Am Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 18:23:06 UTC+2 schrieb Alexander Strenge:

I guess you misunderstood me.

I know that the model is running fine. That was not the issue.

The issue is that my model is not solving if I use the %instance% approach.

Could you maybe send me the adjusted file back?

"I adjusted the file bringing back â€œinstanceâ€ and it also solves fine."

Alex

Am Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 18:13:00 UTC+2 schrieb Renger van Nieuwkoop:

Hi Alex

Runs fine on my computer. Here the output in my dos window.

What might happen is that you have the excel file open (see in the gdxutils.pdf for closing it using XLStalk.exe).

I deleted the results in the excel file and when I run the model, the sheet is filled with data. I adjusted the file bringing back â€œinstanceâ€ and it also solves fine.

Iteration: 1 Dual objective = 2000.035000

LP status(1): optimal

Cplex Time: 0.02sec (det. 0.51 ticks)

Optimal solution found.

Objective : 7200.160000

--- Restarting execution

--- Reading solution for model LCC_MODEL

--- GDX Point d:\Inbox\alex\LCC_MODEL_p.gdx

GDXXRW 24.4.1 r50296 Released Dec 20, 2014 VS8 x86 32bit/MS Windows

Input file : d:\Inbox\alex\GAMSOutput.gdx

Output file: d:\Inbox\alex\RunTest_2D_1.XLS

Substituting Index

Total time = 3171 Ms

*** Status: Normal completion

--- Job Model_05.gms Stop 05/06/15 17:58:46 elapsed 0:00:05.608

If you add trace = 3 to the gdx-line I get a more usable output for debugging.

GDXXRW 24.4.1 r50296 Released Dec 20, 2014 VS8 x86 32bit/MS Windows

Excel version 15.0

Input file : d:\Inbox\alex\GAMSOutput.gdx

Output file: d:\Inbox\alex\RunTest_2D_1.XLS

Substituting Index

Loading sheet GAMSOutput

Reading data from Excel: Width = 13 Height = 22

var=z.l Rng=GAMSResults!A4:B5

var=f.l Rng=GAMSResults!A6:BN100 rdim=1 cdim=1

Squeeze value : 0.00000000000000E+0000

Squeeze value : 0.00000000000000E+0000

Type Symbol Dim Sheet Data RowHeader ColHeader

Var z 0 GAMSResults A4:A4 --:-- --:--

Clear range: A4:A4

Write range: A4:A4 CellCount = 1

Var f 2 GAMSResults B7:BN100 A7:A100 B6:BN6

Clear range: A6:BN100

Write range: A7:A100 CellCount = 94

Write range: B6:BN6 CellCount = 65

Write range: B7:N19 CellCount = 169

Total time = 3234 Ms

*** Status: Normal completion

Hope this helps

Renger

From: gams...@googlegroups.com [mailto:gams...@googlegroups.com] On Behalf Of Alexander Strenge

Sent: Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 17:57

To: gams...@googlegroups.com

Subject: Re: Looping over file names

Not my day... Sorry! And thank you again for your help.

Alexander

Am Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 17:49:42 UTC+2 schrieb Renger van Nieuwkoop:

There is only one file: the model_05.gms file

Renger

From: gams...@googlegroups.com [mailto:gams...@googlegroups.com] On Behalf Of Alexander Strenge

Sent: Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 17:48

To: gams...@googlegroups.com

Subject: Re: Looping over file names

You just need the "Model_05.gms" and "RunTest_2D_1.XLS" in one folder and it should work with reading and also writing to excel

Am Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 16:31:18 UTC+2 schrieb Renger van Nieuwkoop:

The gdx file is missing

Cheers

Renger

Von: gams...@googlegroups.com [mailto:gams...@googlegroups.com] Im Auftrag von Alexander Strenge

Gesendet: Wednesday, May 6, 2015 4:28 PM

An: gams...@googlegroups.com

Betreff: Re: Looping over file names

Hi Renger,

thank you.

I know that the input gdx file is created but the model will not be solved and the (output) excel file is not changed. Do I have to type "execute" instead of "call"?

I sent you a working gams and excel file for one instance without the %instance% and run.gms file.

Alex

Am Dienstag, 24. Februar 2009 21:23:41 UTC+1 schrieb Alison:

Hi,

I've written a GAMS program using the xls2gms function to upload data

and the execute_unload function to save the final result. However, I

need to run the same GAMS code for 50 different countries, which means

I have 50 different xls input files.

Is there a way to loop over file names so that I can change the input

file and the output file each time (e.g. Input_file_CountryX.xls,

Results_CountryX.gdx) ?

A simplified version of my code is below.

Thanks for your help-

Alison

-----------------------

*Read data from external spreadsheet

$call =xls2gms i=Input_file_Country1.xls r1=Sets!set_i

o1=industries.set r2=Sets!set_o o2=occupations.set r3=Wages!matrixB

o3=matrixB.inc r4=Sets!MatrixA o4=Average.inc

set i /

$include industries.set

/;

set o /

$include occupations.set

/;

**************

*Define B from external spreadsheet

Table B(o,i) degree of belief

$include matrixB.inc

;

Parameter avg(i) average by industry/

$include Average.inc

/;

**************

Equations, Objective Function, etc.

**************

*Run the model to get results

Model WAGES /objective/;

Solve WAGES using dnlp minimizing find_min;

Display w.l, w.m;

**************

*Export results to Excel by creating a .gdx file

execute_unload "Results_Country1.gdx" w.L w.M

execute 'gdxxrw.exe Results_Country1.gdx var=w.L'

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### RE: Looping over file names

Hi Alex

Now I understand what you want to doâ€¦

I assume that you have scenarios numbered 1 to 3 (as example).

Where to send the output in the excel file is defined in the index in the excel file.

Let us assume you have two lines for two variables you want to send to the output file in the index, starting ab B4 ending at F6, the next at B7 ending at B9 (both with headers rdim and cdim).

You could then do the following by adding this at the top of your model file

$if not setglobal instance $set instance 1

$setglobal endrow

** If I have 2 variables I use the instance

$eval instance 3 * %instance% + 1

$eval endrow %instance% + 2

And then have your gdxxrw line like this

execute 'GDXXRW.exe i=GAMSOutput_%instance%.gdx o=RunTest_2D_1.XLS skipempty=0 index=GamsOutput!B%instance%:F%endrow % trace=3'

This would do the trick, if you run your run.gms with â€œinstanceâ€ defined to be 1 and then 2 and 3.

I personally would do this using the gdxmerge utility (see gdx documentation) and then produce a pivot table where you can â€œscrollâ€ easily through all scenarios.

Cheers

Renger

From: gamsworld@googlegroups.com [mailto:gamsworld@googlegroups.com] On Behalf Of Alexander Strenge

Sent: Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 18:23

To: gamsworld@googlegroups.com

Subject: Re: Looping over file names

I guess you misunderstood me.

I know that the model is running fine. That was not the issue.

The issue is that my model is not solving if I use the %instance% approach.

Could you maybe send me the adjusted file back?

"I adjusted the file bringing back â€œinstanceâ€ and it also solves fine."

Alex

Am Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 18:13:00 UTC+2 schrieb Renger van Nieuwkoop:

Hi Alex

Runs fine on my computer. Here the output in my dos window.

What might happen is that you have the excel file open (see in the gdxutils.pdf for closing it using XLStalk.exe).

I deleted the results in the excel file and when I run the model, the sheet is filled with data. I adjusted the file bringing back â€œinstanceâ€ and it also solves fine.

Iteration: 1 Dual objective = 2000.035000

LP status(1): optimal

Cplex Time: 0.02sec (det. 0.51 ticks)

Optimal solution found.

Objective : 7200.160000

--- Restarting execution

--- Reading solution for model LCC_MODEL

--- GDX Point d:\Inbox\alex\LCC_MODEL_p.gdx

GDXXRW 24.4.1 r50296 Released Dec 20, 2014 VS8 x86 32bit/MS Windows

Input file : d:\Inbox\alex\GAMSOutput.gdx

Output file: d:\Inbox\alex\RunTest_2D_1.XLS

Substituting Index

Total time = 3171 Ms

*** Status: Normal completion

--- Job Model_05.gms Stop 05/06/15 17:58:46 elapsed 0:00:05.608

If you add trace = 3 to the gdx-line I get a more usable output for debugging.

GDXXRW 24.4.1 r50296 Released Dec 20, 2014 VS8 x86 32bit/MS Windows

Excel version 15.0

Input file : d:\Inbox\alex\GAMSOutput.gdx

Output file: d:\Inbox\alex\RunTest_2D_1.XLS

Substituting Index

Loading sheet GAMSOutput

Reading data from Excel: Width = 13 Height = 22

var=z.l Rng=GAMSResults!A4:B5

var=f.l Rng=GAMSResults!A6:BN100 rdim=1 cdim=1

Squeeze value : 0.00000000000000E+0000

Squeeze value : 0.00000000000000E+0000

Type Symbol Dim Sheet Data RowHeader ColHeader

Var z 0 GAMSResults A4:A4 --:-- --:--

Clear range: A4:A4

Write range: A4:A4 CellCount = 1

Var f 2 GAMSResults B7:BN100 A7:A100 B6:BN6

Clear range: A6:BN100

Write range: A7:A100 CellCount = 94

Write range: B6:BN6 CellCount = 65

Write range: B7:N19 CellCount = 169

Total time = 3234 Ms

*** Status: Normal completion

Hope this helps

Renger

From: gams...@googlegroups.com [mailto:gams...@googlegroups.com] On Behalf Of Alexander Strenge

Sent: Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 17:57

To: gams...@googlegroups.com

Subject: Re: Looping over file names

Not my day... Sorry! And thank you again for your help.

Alexander

Am Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 17:49:42 UTC+2 schrieb Renger van Nieuwkoop:

There is only one file: the model_05.gms file

Renger

From: gams...@googlegroups.com [mailto:gams...@googlegroups.com] On Behalf Of Alexander Strenge

Sent: Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 17:48

To: gams...@googlegroups.com

Subject: Re: Looping over file names

You just need the "Model_05.gms" and "RunTest_2D_1.XLS" in one folder and it should work with reading and also writing to excel

Am Mittwoch, 6. Mai 2015 16:31:18 UTC+2 schrieb Renger van Nieuwkoop:

The gdx file is missing

Cheers

Renger

Von: gams...@googlegroups.com [mailto:gams...@googlegroups.com] Im Auftrag von Alexander Strenge

Gesendet: Wednesday, May 6, 2015 4:28 PM

An: gams...@googlegroups.com

Betreff: Re: Looping over file names

Hi Renger,

thank you.

I know that the input gdx file is created but the model will not be solved and the (output) excel file is not changed. Do I have to type "execute" instead of "call"?

I sent you a working gams and excel file for one instance without the %instance% and run.gms file.

Alex

Am Dienstag, 24. Februar 2009 21:23:41 UTC+1 schrieb Alison:

Hi,

I've written a GAMS program using the xls2gms function to upload data

and the execute_unload function to save the final result. However, I

need to run the same GAMS code for 50 different countries, which means

I have 50 different xls input files.

Is there a way to loop over file names so that I can change the input

file and the output file each time (e.g. Input_file_CountryX.xls,

Results_CountryX.gdx) ?

A simplified version of my code is below.

Thanks for your help-

Alison

-----------------------

*Read data from external spreadsheet

$call =xls2gms i=Input_file_Country1.xls r1=Sets!set_i

o1=industries.set r2=Sets!set_o o2=occupations.set r3=Wages!matrixB

o3=matrixB.inc r4=Sets!MatrixA o4=Average.inc

set i /

$include industries.set

/;

set o /

$include occupations.set

/;

**************

*Define B from external spreadsheet

Table B(o,i) degree of belief

$include matrixB.inc

;

Parameter avg(i) average by industry/

$include Average.inc

/;

**************

Equations, Objective Function, etc.

**************

*Run the model to get results

Model WAGES /objective/;

Solve WAGES using dnlp minimizing find_min;

Display w.l, w.m;

**************

*Export results to Excel by creating a .gdx file

execute_unload "Results_Country1.gdx" w.L w.M

execute 'gdxxrw.exe Results_Country1.gdx var=w.L'

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### Re: Looping over file names

Hello,

I'm pretty new to GAMS, I have a model which gives a different solution each time it runs through its loop, therefore I would like to get the data of each solution in an excel-file. I'm using the Mavrots-algorithm AUGMECON.

I have my excel-sheet, copy the data of the solution into the file and finally rename the xlsx-file to %RUN%.xlsx. I would like to change the value of "RUN" each time it runs through the loop, but I'm not able to or don't know how. (First Run --> RUN=1,..., Last Run --> RUN=20)

One more question: Should I place my calculations for the output-data somewhere different?

I'd very much appreciate any help on this matter.

$STitle eps-constraint method

***NEU**************************************************************************

$if not set RUN $set RUN 0

********************************************************************************

Set k1(k) the first element of k, km1(k) all but the first elements of k;

k1(k)$(ord(k)=1) = yes; km1(k)=yes; km1(k1) = no;

Set kk(k) active objective function in constraint allobj

Parameter

rhs(k) right hand side of the constrained obj functions in eps-constraint

maxobj(k) maximum value from the payoff table

minobj(k) minimum value from the payoff table

Variables

a_objval auxiliary variable for the objective function

obj auxiliary variable during the construction of the payoff table

Positive Variables

sl(k) slack or surplus variables for the eps-constraints

Equations

con_obj(k) constrained objective functions

augm_obj augmented objective function to avoid weakly efficient solutions

allobj all the objective functions in one expression;

con_obj(km1).. z(km1) - dir(km1)*sl(km1) =e= rhs(km1);

* We optimize the first objective function and put the others as constraints

* the second term is for avoiding weakly efficient points

augm_obj..

sum(k1,dir(k1)*z(k1))+1e-3*sum(km1,sl(km1)/(maxobj(km1)-minobj(km1))) =e= a_objval;

allobj.. sum(kk, dir(kk)*z(kk)) =e= obj;

Model mod_payoff / EMMA, allobj / ;

Model mod_epsmethod / EMMA, con_obj, augm_obj / ;

option limrow=0, limcol=0;

option solprint=off, solvelink=%solvelink.CallModule%;

Parameter

payoff(k,k) payoff tables entries;

Alias(k,kp);

* Generate payoff table applying lexicographic optimization

loop(kp,

kk(kp)=yes;

repeat

solve mod_payoff using lp maximizing obj;

payoff(kp,kk) = z.l(kk);

z.fx(kk) = z.l(kk);

kk(k++1) = kk(k);

until kk(kp); kk(kp) = no;

* release the fixed values of the objective functions for the new iteration

z.up(k) = inf; z.lo(k) =-inf;

);

if (mod_payoff.modelstat%modelstat.Optimal% and mod_payoff.modelstat%modelstat.FeasibleSolution%, abort 'no feasible solution for mod_payoff');

display payoff;

minobj(k)=smin(kp,payoff(kp,k));

maxobj(k)=smax(kp,payoff(kp,k));

$set fname p.%gams.scrext%

File fx solution points from eps-method / "%gams.scrdir%%fname%" /;

$if not set gridpoints $set gridpoints 10

Set g grid points /g0*g%gridpoints%/

grid(k,g) grid

Parameter

gridrhs(k,g) rhs of eps-constraint at grid point

maxg(k) maximum point in grid for objective

posg(k) grid position of objective

firstOffMax, lastZero some counters

numk(k) ordinal value of k starting with 1

numg(g) ordinal value of g starting with 0;

lastZero=1; loop(km1, numk(km1)=lastZero; lastZero=lastZero+1); numg(g) = ord(g)-1;

grid(km1,g) = yes; // Here we could define different grid intervals for different objectives

maxg(km1) = smax(grid(km1,g), numg(g));

gridrhs(grid(km1,g))$(%min%=dir(km1)) = maxobj(km1) - numg(g)/maxg(km1)*(maxobj(km1)- minobj(km1));

gridrhs(grid(km1,g))$(%max%=dir(km1)) = minobj(km1) + numg(g)/maxg(km1)*(maxobj(km1)- minobj(km1));

display gridrhs;

* Walk the grid points and take shortcuts if the model becomes infeasible

posg(km1) = 0;

repeat

rhs(km1) = sum(grid(km1,g)$(numg(g)=posg(km1)), gridrhs(km1,g));

solve mod_epsmethod maximizing a_objval using lp;

if (mod_epsmethod.modelstat%modelstat.Optimal%, // not optimal is in this case infeasible

lastZero = 0; loop(km1$(posg(km1)>0 and lastZero=0), lastZero=numk(km1));

posg(km1)$(numk(km1) res.txt

par=r_s rng=sys!a1 cdim=2

par=r_r rng=countries!a1 cdim=2

par=r_r2 rng=c2!a1 cdim=2

par=r_vf rng=vf!a1 cdim=2

par=r_vf2 rng=vf!n1 cdim=2

par=r_capa rng=capa!a1 cdim=2

par=r_capa2 rng=ca2!a1 cdim=2

par=r_ms rng=ms!a1 cdim=2

par=r_ms2 rng=ms!n1 cdim=2

par=r_gene rng=gene!a1 cdim=2

par=r_tec rng=tec!a1 cdim=2

par=r_sto rng=storage!a1 cdim=2

par=r_NTC rng=NTC!a1 cdim=2

par=r_set rng=p-setting!a1 rdim=1

par=r_set2 rng=p2!a1 rdim=1

par=r_mod rng=modelstats!a1

$offecho

$onecho > res_mv.txt

par=r_vf3 rng=out!a1 cdim=2

par=r_mod2 rng=out!n1 cdim=2

$offecho

$onecho > res_t.txt

par=r_tG rng=G!a3 rdim=1

par=r_tP rng=P!a3 rdim=1

par=r_day_year rng=day_year!a3 rdim=1

par=r_week_year rng=week_year!a3 rdim=1

par=r_hour_day rng=hour_day!a3 rdim=1

$offecho

$ontext

r_cal

r_cal2

r_cal3

r_cal4

-----

par=r_mo rng=merit-order!a20 rdim=2

par=r_cal rng=cal!a1 rdim=2

par=r_cal2 rng=cal!a25 rdim=3

par=r_cal3 rng=cal3!a1 rdim=4

par=r_cal4 rng=cal4!a1 rdim=4

$offtext

* Load excel templates

execute "move res*.xlsx Â°trash"

execute "copy Â°input\template_res.xlsx res.xlsx"

execute "copy Â°input\template_res_mv.xlsx res_mv.xlsx"

execute "copy Â°input\template_res_t.xlsx res_t.xlsx"

* export to excel files

execute "GDXXRW.EXE res.gdx EpsOut=0 o=res.xlsx @res.txt"

execute "GDXXRW.EXE res_mv.gdx EpsOut=0 o=res_mv.xlsx @res_mv.txt"

execute "GDXXRW.EXE res_t.gdx EpsOut=0 o=res_t.xlsx @res_t.txt"

* Rename XLSX and GDX files

execute "ren res.xlsx %RUN%.xlsx"

execute "ren res_mv.xlsx %RUN%_mv.xlsx"

execute "ren res_t.xlsx %RUN%_t.xlsx"

execute "ren all.gdx %PURPOSE%_%YDIM%_%HOURS%_%WINDPROFILE%_%SOLARPROFILE%_%SDIM%.gdx"

* Open excel file (for programming and testing)

$IF %OPEN% == "1"

execute "XLSTALK -o %PURPOSE%_%YDIM%_%HORIZON%_%HOURS%_%WINDPROFILE%_%SOLARPROFILE%_%SDIM%.xlsx"

********************************************************

until sum(km1$(posg(km1)=maxg(km1)),1)=card(km1) and firstOffMax=0;

putclose fx; // close the point file

* Get unique solutions from the point file using some Posix Tools (awk, (g)sort, uniq) that come with GAMS

$set awkscript awk.%gams.scrext%

file fa / "%gams.scrdir%%awkscript%" /; put fa 'BEGIN { printf("Table solutions(*,*)\n$ondelim\nsol';

loop(k, put ',' k.tl:0); putclose '\n"); }' / '{ print NR,$0 }' / 'END { print ";" }';

$if %system.filesys% == UNIX execute 'cd "%gams.scrdir%" && sort %fname% | uniq | awk -f %awkscript% > g.%gams.scrext% && gams g.%gams.scrext% o=gx.%gams.scrext% lo=0 gdx=soleps';

$if NOT %system.filesys% == UNIX execute 'cd "%gams.scrdir%" && gsort %fname% | uniq | awk -f %awkscript% > g.%gams.scrext% && gams g.%gams.scrext% o=gx.%gams.scrext% lo=0 gdx=soleps';

execute 'mv -f "%gams.scrdir%soleps.gdx" .';

Set sol Solutions /1*20/; Parameter solutions(sol,k) Unique solutions;

execute_load 'soleps', solutions; display solutions;

*$exit

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### Re: Looping over file names

Hi,

I was trying to understand the looping over the files names, but your conversation simply doesn't say anything to me.

My problem is the following: I would like to loop over the years, which are part of the names in the parameters. Here in the attachment is an example for 2008.

I would like to loop it over 2008 and 2016.

"Tid" set is within range: /1996 * 2040 /

I was trying to understand the looping over the files names, but your conversation simply doesn't say anything to me.

My problem is the following: I would like to loop over the years, which are part of the names in the parameters. Here in the attachment is an example for 2008.

I would like to loop it over 2008 and 2016.

"Tid" set is within range: /1996 * 2040 /

### Re: Looping over file names

Hi Jarenka

I didn't check the code, but here is an example on how to do that

Let me know if it works.

Cheers

Renger

I didn't check the code, but here is an example on how to do that

Code: Select all

```
file test / test.txt /;
put test;
set i / 2008*2010 /;
loop(i,
* this will flush and close the current put file and rename it
* to any name written in the second line of the put statement
* put_utilities 'ren' / 'test.':0 i.tl:0 ;
put '$gdxin raa_incomesABC_',@23, i.tl,@27,'.gdx'/;
* put 'load raaB_',@11,i.tl/;
put test
put '$gdxin'/;
put "qpatpabg(KVAR,AKM,BKM,ALDER, LIEN,HUD,'", i.tl, @44,"') = raaB_",@54, i.tl, @58,'(KVAR,AKM,BMK,ALDER, KOEN,HUD,"qpatpabg");'/;
put '$gdxin'/;
putclose
);
```

Cheers

Renger

### Re: Looping over file names

Hi Renger,

Thank you for your help!

I have implemented it and did some small changes.

It compiles correctly, but I do not receive values for "qpatpae". "putclose" option does it only for 2010, so I deleted it.

See my code and results in the attachments.

Thank you for your help!

I have implemented it and did some small changes.

It compiles correctly, but I do not receive values for "qpatpae". "putclose" option does it only for 2010, so I deleted it.

See my code and results in the attachments.

### Re: Looping over file names

Hi Renger,

I have managed to do it for all years: 2008 to 2017 and for two *.txt files.

THANK YOU FOR YOUR HELP !!

Irena

I have managed to do it for all years: 2008 to 2017 and for two *.txt files.

THANK YOU FOR YOUR HELP !!

Irena

### Re: Looping over file names

Hi,

I have a question concerning my post above.

I have too many files with too many dimensions that GAMS cannot keep at once.

How to remove all gdx files LOADED into memory, right after they have been used?

Irena

I have a question concerning my post above.

I have too many files with too many dimensions that GAMS cannot keep at once.

How to remove all gdx files LOADED into memory, right after they have been used?

Irena