Hello everyone!
I have an MILP model, which I have coded on GAMS. However, there is an equation, which I was not able to code, and would appreciate any help and insight from you guys. I attached the equation I am struggling with as well as the extract related to this equation from the GAMS code.
I am unable to set the upper limit for the summation, and I think I need to add a loop for GAMS to find the optimal value of t' (which is called tp in the code). t and tp both have the same domain. t is the planning time horizon however tp is the time at which a decision is made within the model. Therefore, at any point in time, t is greater than tp.
Thanks a lot in advance!
Loop and summation upper limit
Loop and summation upper limit
 Attachments

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Re: Loop and summation upper limit
Why do you have the "$ (ord(t)ord(tp) >= 0)" attached to C3. The math clearly says that you should do the equation for all t = 1..T. The only time tp plays a role is in the second sum. You are supposed to sum from tp=1 to t, so limit the summation of tp by this: sum(tp$(ord(tp)<=ord(t)), ...). Moreover, ord(ttp) does not work you need to do ord(t)ord(tp). So the code looks as follows:
Since rho is exogenous, you could alternatively calculate a parameter rhosum before the model and use that:
Michael
Code: Select all
Eqn3(p,JR(j),k,t).. C3(p,j,k,t) =e= sum(u, Z(u,p,j,k,t) * C(u,p,j,k) * rho(k)**ord(t) $ Unit(p,j,k) + sum(tp$(ord(tp)<=ord(t)), rho(k)**(ord(t)ord(tp))) * CP(k) * RU(p,j,k,t)) ;
Code: Select all
parameter rhosum(k,t); rhosum(k,t) = sum(tp$(ord(tp)<=ord(t)), rho(k)**(ord(t)ord(tp)));
Eqn3(p,JR(j),k,t).. C3(p,j,k,t) =e= sum(u, Z(u,p,j,k,t) * C(u,p,j,k) * rho(k)**ord(t) $ Unit(p,j,k) + rhosum(k,t) * CP(k) * RU(p,j,k,t)) ;
Re: Loop and summation upper limit
Thank you so much Michael! Finally got that much needed help! Thanks a lot for the quick response too.
Re: Loop and summation upper limit
Hello guys,
I have another question regarding the model attached in the above post. I am trying to type this equation (see image), and I am getting a bunch of errors.
Upon running this code, I get the following errors: 125, 8, 148, 653, 37, and 409. I appreciate your help fixing this guys.
In this model, a variable is defined a certain way (i.e NU(j,k,t)) and used in equations as NU(j,k,tp). Is this valid? Considering that t and tp are two distinct sets, is there a way I can let GAMS run both notations without having to create two separate variables?
Thanks a lot!
I have another question regarding the model attached in the above post. I am trying to type this equation (see image), and I am getting a bunch of errors.
Code: Select all
Eqn11(PL(j),tp,t).. sum((tp$(ord(tp)<=ord(t)),k),NU(j,k,tp)) =l= Umax2(j) ;
In this model, a variable is defined a certain way (i.e NU(j,k,t)) and used in equations as NU(j,k,tp). Is this valid? Considering that t and tp are two distinct sets, is there a way I can let GAMS run both notations without having to create two separate variables?
Thanks a lot!
 Attachments

 Capture.JPG (11.01 KiB) Viewed 1024 times
Re: Loop and summation upper limit
Send the entire model because compilation errors often relate to other code pieces.
Michael
Michael
Re: Loop and summation upper limit
Hello Michael,
Here is the requested model.
Thank you
Here is the requested model.
Thank you
Re: Loop and summation upper limit
If you look at the constraint, it needs to be indexed by t and j. Your GAMS code indexes by t, j, and tp. I see no reason for tp. Moreover, when you sum over a tuple (tp,k) your syntax was just wrong. Here is the (IMHO) correct version of Eqn11:
Next problem, its your declaration of tp. You have it independent of t. That difficult if you want to index something with tp that is mean to be indexed over t. I suggest you learn the fundamentals of GAMS domains. For now, as tp is same as t, I made tp an alias of t. I understand that this might not be the solution, but it works for this instance.
Next problem, you have not understood how maps work in GAMS. Read more about how to effectively work with GAMS sets:
The construct "sum(jp, Wl2(Ajj(j,jp),JRPL(j),t)$offdiag2(j,jp))" does not work. You probably mean "sum(Ajj(j,jp), Wl2(jp,JRPL(j),t)$offdiag2(j,jp))".
There are many many more errors. Many are of the same type (e.g. you sum over an index that is already controlled or you use JRPL(j) in the equation definition, then you either need to use j or just JRPL to index symbols on the left, but not JRPL(j), ...).
You (as everybody) will make lots of mistakes translating a complex model from Word/LaTeX to GAMS. Even if the model in Word/LaTeX is "correct", have you though about how to debug the GAMS model. This is a major task.
I have attached the model with my edits. It still does not compile but I have corrected some errors and the types of the remaining ones (I believe) I already corrected before.
Good luck.
Michael
Code: Select all
Eqn11(PL(j),t).. sum((tp,k)$(ord(tp)<=ord(t)),NU(j,k,tp)) =l= Umax2(j) ;
Next problem, you have not understood how maps work in GAMS. Read more about how to effectively work with GAMS sets:
Code: Select all
Eqn37(JRPL(j),t1).. Wvs(j,t1) + sum(p, Wo2(p,j,t)) + Won2(j,t) + sum(jp, Wl2(Ajj(j,jp),JRPL(j),t)$offdiag2(j,jp))  sum(JRPL(j), Wl(JRPL(j),jp,t)$offdiag2(j,jp))  sum(d, Wl3(JRPL(j),d,t))  Wvs(JRPL(j),t) =e= WD(JRPL(j),t) ;
There are many many more errors. Many are of the same type (e.g. you sum over an index that is already controlled or you use JRPL(j) in the equation definition, then you either need to use j or just JRPL to index symbols on the left, but not JRPL(j), ...).
You (as everybody) will make lots of mistakes translating a complex model from Word/LaTeX to GAMS. Even if the model in Word/LaTeX is "correct", have you though about how to debug the GAMS model. This is a major task.
I have attached the model with my edits. It still does not compile but I have corrected some errors and the types of the remaining ones (I believe) I already corrected before.
Good luck.
Michael
Re: Loop and summation upper limit
Dear Michael,
Thanks a lot for your thorough response. I was able to eliminate all the errors in the code. However, I am getting errors 66 and 256 next to the "solve" command upon running the code. Some online sources suggested that some data might be missing, but I already made sure it is not the case. Yet, I am still getting the errors. Could you please take a look at it.
Thank you.
Thanks a lot for your thorough response. I was able to eliminate all the errors in the code. However, I am getting errors 66 and 256 next to the "solve" command upon running the code. Some online sources suggested that some data might be missing, but I already made sure it is not the case. Yet, I am still getting the errors. Could you please take a look at it.
Thank you.
Re: Loop and summation upper limit
Hello all,
My model is running error free now. However, it is converging in less than a second, which is not supposed be the case. Can you please help fix this issue?
i cannot thank you enough for the provided help!
My model is running error free now. However, it is converging in less than a second, which is not supposed be the case. Can you please help fix this issue?
i cannot thank you enough for the provided help!
Re: Loop and summation upper limit
Hello,
Attaching my latest model file. The model is compiling without errors however it is not solving to optimality.
I tried reading a lot but I am still unable to fix the issue. Can you please help me figure out what I can do to fix the issue?
Best regards,
Sami
Attaching my latest model file. The model is compiling without errors however it is not solving to optimality.
I tried reading a lot but I am still unable to fix the issue. Can you please help me figure out what I can do to fix the issue?
Best regards,
Sami